Waste collection and transport

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„The tidy human”, symbol of civilization. Waste collection consists of using specially-designed collection units: dumpsters, waste bins (for household waste) and containers (for street waste and the waste generated by economic agents). In order for recycling to be possible, the collection of waste containing reusable materials is made separately, in containers that are coloured differently. The available colours are: yellow, red, green, blue, brown and charcoal black. The recommended colours for the various types of waste are: red (orange) – plastic, yellow – metals, green – biodegradable, blue – paper, cardboard and glass, brown – electronics, black – non-recyclable waste, although they are not always used accordingly. The containers carry labels that specify what types of materials can be discarded in each unit.

For the collection of street, commercial and industrial waste, standard containers of 1,1 m³, 4 m³ or more are used.

Examples of containers used for separate collection


Waste cans in Brazil

Waste cans at the Mechanical Engineering Faculty, Timisoara

Waste bins in Timisoara

Containers in Mosnita Noua, Timisoara

Containers in Deva

Separate collection waste bin labels


For plastic

For metal

For paper and cardboard

1,1 m³ containers are made of galvanized steel sheet or plastic. For larger quantities or for industrial and construction waste, cup-shaped Abroll-type metal containers are used, of 4 m³ or more.


1,1 m³ plastic container

1,1 m³ galvanized container

4 m³ container

8 m³ Abroll-type container

Abroll-type container

The actual collection of waste from these containers is performed by specialized companies such as REBU in Bucharest and RETIM in Timisoara. These companies are equipped with specially-designed waste collection trucks. Waste collection from bins and containers of up to 1100 l is performed with garbage trucks equipped with bin/container-tipping systems and compactors. The waste collected in 4 m³ cups is transported together with the containers by specialized vehicles fitted with lifting facilities, while Abroll containers, which are equipped with wheels, are towed.


Standard garbage truck

Unloading a container

Garbage truck with front loader

Specialized vehicle for cups

Waste can be transported by road, rail, or waterway. Due to issues related to transhipping, rail and waterway transportation only becomes an option when large quantities are being shipped (usually industrial waste) over very long distances, of hundreds or thousands of kilometers.